Nine Banded Armadillo

The nine banded armadillo or long-nosed armadillo is the weirdest mammal species, native to North, South and Central America.  The term armadillo means “little-armoured one” in Spanish. This nocturnal animal is capable of jumping 3-4 ft straight in the air if frightened.

Despite its name, the armadillo can have 7-11 bands on its armor. Let’s find out some more information about this mammal.

Nine Banded Armadillo

Nine Banded Armadillo

 

Nine Banded Armadillo Scientific Classification

Kingdom:     Animalia

Phylum:       Chordata

Class:            Mammalia

Order:          Cingulata

Family:         Dasypodidae

Genus:         Dasypus

Species:      D. novemcinctus

 

Nine Banded Armadillo physical characteristics

The nine-banded armadillo is a medium-sized mammal, having unusual physical characteristics. The mammal has brownish-grey body color, stretching to a length of 15-17 inches. The head, body, legs, and tail of armadillo is covered or protected by a large number of bony plates or scutes. The tail is 14-15 inches long. The mammal also features narrow and jointed armor bands on its midsection that allows it to bend.

Physical Description of Nine Banded Armadillo

Physical Description of Nine Banded Armadillo

It has a pointed head with a long snout, large pointed ears, and peg-like teeth. Their front feet have thick and sharp claws that help them dig and burrow. The underparts are soft.

Nine Banded Armadillo Distribution

Their distribution range is quite wide. This mammal is found in Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Kansas, and Florida. The nine-banded armadillo’s range in the US has been expanding to north, west, and east. Their population is growing day by day.

Distribution of Nine Banded Armadillo

Distribution of Nine Banded Armadillo

Nine Banded Armadillo Habitat

The nine-banded armadillo prefers areas like bottomland hardwood forests, brush-lands, and scrubs. These creatures can live anywhere that is warm and has food.

Habitat of Nine Banded Armadillo

Habitat of Nine Banded Armadillo

They are usually seen near savannas and grasslands where the soil is suitable for digging burrows. Armadillos inflate their stomach and intestine when in water. They also sink down and use their claws to walk across. They can have more than one burrow.

Nine Banded Armadillo Behavior

Here are some interesting behavioral traits of the nine-banded armadillo.

  • They jump straight up into the air before running.
  • These creatures can hold their breath for up to six minutes.
  • They are known for being extensive burrowers.
  • Armadillos mark their territory with feces, urine, and excretion from glands
  • Male armadillos are more aggressive in nature.
  • When not foraging, armadillos shuffle slowly.

Nine Banded Armadillo Diet

Armadillos are insectivorous. They use their sense of smell to locate prey. Their usual diet comprises of grubs, insects, and worms. Armadillos are even noticed eating fruits, small reptiles, amphibians, and bird’s eggs. The species is also attracted to the maggots.

Diet of Nine Banded Armadillo

Diet of Nine Banded Armadillo

Nine Banded Armadillo Reproduction

Though solitary in nature, armadillos mate during the summer season. After the fertilization of an egg, the implantation is delayed for seven months. Thus, young armadillos are born in the spring. This mammal is capable of giving birth to four babies at a time. The young ones are identical quadruplets.

Reproduction of Nine Banded Armadillo

Reproduction of Nine Banded Armadillo

It takes a few weeks for the young armadillos to harden into a protective armor.

Nine Banded Armadillo Lifespan

These species live for 12-15 years.

 

Nine Banded Armadillo Interesting Facts

Here we have summed up some interesting facts about this mammal;

  • When scared, armadillos can jump 4 to 5 feet high.
  • These mammals are good swimmers
  • They have the ability to walk underwater to cross streams.
  • Armadillos are connected to leprosy.
  • They can tolerate cold temperature because of the lack of body fat and hair.

 

Nine Banded Armadillo Predators

Armadillos are active in nature and can run at amazing speeds when attacked. Their natural predators include maned wolves, cougar, black bears, red wolves, jaguars, bobcats, alligators, and large raptors.

Nine Banded Armadillo Diseases

Armadillos are known for spreading leprosy. These are the only mammals besides humans to carry the leprosy bacillus. There are a growing number of confirmed cases where armadillos have spread leprosy to humans.

Nine Banded Armadillo Conservation Status

IUCN has categorized this mammal as the least concern species.

Pictures of Nine Banded Armadillo

Reproduction of Nine Banded Armadillo

Reproduction of Nine Banded Armadillo

Diet of Nine Banded Armadillo

Diet of Nine Banded Armadillo

Habitat of Nine Banded Armadillo

Habitat of Nine Banded Armadillo

Physical Description of Nine Banded Armadillo

Physical Description of Nine Banded Armadillo

Nine Banded Armadillo

Nine Banded Armadillo

Nine Banded Armadillo Video


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