Maned Wolf

Residing in South America, the maned wolves are believed to represent the largest canidae species in the local region. Maned Wolf look more like foxes instead of wolves and are the only member of the Chrysocon genus. They are known by many names in the local area, such as aguara guazu, borochi and kayak.

Let’s check out some unique facts about these maned wolves.

Maned Wolf

Maned Wolf


Maned Wolf Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Canidae

Subfamily: Caninae

Tribe: Canini

Genus: Chrysocyon

Species: C. brachyurus

Maned Wolf Physical characteristics

Maned Wolf gets their name from the fact that the mane around their necks rises and stands erect as they sense the presence of danger or threat around their vicinity.

Physical Description of Maned Wolf

Physical Description

A coat of long and smooth reddish-brown hair covers their bodies which gives them the appearance of a fox or a dog. The maned wolves also have tall ears and their tails, mouths and backs are predominantly black. The legs are black and the tip of their tails, chin and throat are white. One advantage that these wolves have due to their long legs is that they can easily see above long grasses when they are running. Their shoulder heights can go up to about 35 inches and this makes them the tallest canines. They weigh somewhere around 20 to 25 kg.

Maned Wolf Habitat

The maned wolves predominantly spend their time around open grass areas and scrublands. Sometimes they can also be spotted on woodlands and wet fields.

Habitat of Maned Wolf

The habitat

They often hunt on the farmland pastures but do not take livestock as their prey. A distinct feature of the maned wolf is that they are often solitary and love hunting, sleeping and travelling alone. These wolves can be found in cerrado which is the largest biome in South America. This region is mostly covered by dry forests, grasslands, wet forests, savannas and marshes.

Maned Wolf Distribution

These wolves can be found extensively in eastern and central regions of South America, in countries like Central and South Brazil, northern Argentina, Paraguay, and Southern Peru. Loss of habitat is leading to their decreased populations in Uruguay.

Distribution of Maned Wolf

Distribution of Maned Wolf

Maned Wolf Diet

Maned wolves are omnivorous. These wolves typically eat medium and small-sized animals such as birds, fishes, rodents and rabbits.



A large part of their regular diet consists of tubers, sugarcane, and fruits. These creatures can also survive in severely burned areas by eating small mammals.

Maned Wolf Behaviour

Here is a brief look at their behavioural traits;

  • Maned wolves show both nocturnal as well as crepuscular traits.
  • They usually prefer having solitary lives.
  • They bark loudly as a form of communication.
  • Adults use faeces and scent marks for marking their territory.
  • These wolves often steal chickens for their sustenance.
  • The sleep schedules of these wolves vary seasonally.
  • They often flush out their prey from the ground by tapping with their foot.

Maned Wolf Reproduction

These wolves mate between the months of November and April. After 60 to 65 days of gestation, the female produces a litter of 2 to 6 black-furred pups that weigh somewhere around 450gm.



They reach maturity when they are 1-year-old. The pups depend on their parents to get food.

Maned Wolf LifeSpan

Maned wolves live for about 12 to 15 years.


While maned wolves cannot be described as a prey species, they are often attacked by feral dogs and domestic dogs.


Maned wolves can develop infections from giant kidney worm, which is a parasite that can even harm domestic dogs. Diseases like rabies virus, canine parvovirus and canine adenovirus can be fatal for these wolves.

Interesting Facts

Have a look at some interesting and lesser known facts about these maned wolves.

  • It is the tallest canidae living in wild regions.
  • Maned wolf is not really a wolf even though it is called one.
  • They use three different types of vocalization.
  • They often prefer to stay alone and spend time by themselves.
  • Newborn pups often look like cats.
  • Their urine has a distinct smell like that of marijuana.

Conservation Status

IUCN categorized the maned wolf as a near threatened species on earth. According to research and statistics, there are currently around 23600 adults surviving in the wild. Laws have been implemented to protect them in their habitat range. Loss of habitat along with fragmentation has led to the dwindling of their populations.




Maned Wolf

Maned Wolf

Physical Description

Physical Description



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