Maned Wolf

The maned wolf is considered for being the largest canid of South America. Looks like a fox; this mammal is the only species in the genus Chrysocon. Locally, the mammal is popular as aguara guazu or kayak. In Bolivia, the maned wolf is called borochi. IUCN categorized this mammal as a near threatened species on earth.

Maned Wolf

Maned Wolf

Let’s explore some interesting facts about the maned wolf;

Maned Wolf Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Canidae

Subfamily: Caninae

Tribe: Canini

Genus: Chrysocyon Smith, 1839

Species: C. brachyurus

 

Maned Wolf Physical characteristics

The name “maned wolf” is derived from the characteristics mane on the neck which stands erect when it smells danger.

Physical Description of Maned Wolf

Physical Description of Maned Wolf

Their body is covered with long, reddish-brown hair that makes them look similar to that of a fox and dog. They have long black legs and tall ears. The mouth, back, and tail of the mammal are black in color. The tip of the chin, throat, and tail are white. Their long legs allow them to see above the long grass while running. With a shoulder height of up to 35 inches, this mammal is the tallest member of the canine family. Maned wolves weigh 20-25 kg.

Maned Wolf Habitat

They are mostly found in open grass, scrubland, woodland, and even in wet fields. Maned wolves are also seen hunting on farmland pastures, but they don’t prey on livestock.

Habitat of Maned Wolf

The habitat of Maned Wolf

They prefer hunting, travelling, and sleeping alone. Maned wolves inhabit the cerrado, the largest biome of South America. It is basically comprised of dry and wet forests, grasslands, marshes, and savannas.

Maned Wolf Distribution

Maned wolves are found throughout central and eastern South America including Central and South Brazil, northern Argentina, Paraguay, and Southern Peru. Their population is decreasing in Uruguay because of loss of habitat.

Distribution of Maned Wolf

Distribution of Maned Wolf

Maned Wolf Diet

Maned wolves are omnivorous. They usually prey on small and medium-sized animals like birds, rodents, fish, and rabbits.

Diet of Maned Wolf

Diet of Maned Wolf

The large portion of their diet comprises of sugarcane, tubers, and fruits. They can even survive in burned areas where there are found small mammals like calmy, necromys, etc.  These wolves are also seen tapping the ground with their front foot to flush out the prey.

Maned Wolf Behaviour

Please take a glance at their behavioural traits;

  • Maned wolves can be both nocturnal and crepuscular.
  • They prefer leading solitary lives.
  • Adults use scent marks and faeces to mark their territory.
  • They bark loudly to communicate.
  • These wolves are the chicken thief.
  • Their sleep schedules vary seasonally.
  • When threatened or attacked, their thick mane hairs stand erect.

 

Maned Wolf Reproduction

Their mating season starts from the month of November and continues till April. The gestation period lasts for 60-65 days and a litter produces two to six black furred pups.

Reproduction of Maned Wolf

Reproduction of Maned Wolf

These pups weigh around 450gm. They are fully grown when one year old. At the initial stage, the pups rely on their parents for food.

Maned Wolf LifeSpan

Maned wolves live for 12-15 years.

 

Maned Wolf Predators

The maned wolf is not a common prey species for the predator. But, these species are attacked by feral dogs. Domestic dogs are also considered for being their predators.

Maned Wolf Diseases

Maned wolves are susceptible to infection by giant kidney form, a parasite that may also harm domestic dogs. They die from diseases of domestic dogs like rabies virus, canine adenovirus, and canine parvovirus.

Maned Wolf Interesting Facts

Here we bring some interesting facts about this invasive mammal.

  • The maned wolf is the tallest wild canid.
  • Despite its name, the maned wolf is not actually a wolf.
  • They have three types of vocalization.
  • Maned wolves don’t interact much with each other.
  • Newborns look like cats.
  • The future of these canids is in doubt.
  • Their pee smells like marijuana.

Maned Wolf Conservation Status

As per research, there are around 23,600 adults left in the wild. Maned wolves are protected by law in some parts of their range. The main threat of this mammal is the loss of habitat and fragmentation.

Maned Wolf Pictures

Maned Wolf Video


References

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