Grevy’s Zebra

The Grevy’s Zebra, also popular as imperial zebra is the largest and most threatened of three zebra species. Named after Jules Grevy(a president of the French Third Republic), Grevy’s zebra is the sole existing member of the subgenus Dolichohippus. Native to Kenya and Ethiopia, this largest living wild equine lives in semi-arid grasslands.

Explore some more information about this wild species of zebra;

Grevy’s Zebra Scientific Classification

Kingdom:     Animalia

Phylum:        Chordata

Class:            Mammalia

Order:           Perissodactyla

Family:          Equidae

Genus:          Equus

Subgenus:   Dolichohippus

Species:       E. grevyi

 

Physical Description of Grevy’s Zebra

The largest of all wild equines, Grevy’s zebra has a height of 8-9ft. Their tails stretch to a length of 55-70cm and stand 1.40-1.60 m high at the withers.

Physical description of Grevy’s Zebra

Physical description of Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s zebra differs from other zebra species because of their primitive characteristics. Their head is large and long with elongated nostrils openings. The ears are large and conical in shape. The most interesting feature of their body is the black and white striping pattern. Their mane is tall and erect. This species of zebra’s muzzle is aish-grey to black in color with lips having whiskers. The belly area and the area nearby the base of the tail lack stripes. This makes them look different and unique than the other zebra species.

Grevy’s Zebra Habitat

Grevy’s zebras are seen in semi-arid grasslands where they’ve easy access to water. They are known for being predominant grazers and can survive poor quality grass. These zebras can survive without water for up to five days. Female zebras with young fouls have to drink at least every other day.

Habitat of Grevy’s Zebra

The habitat of Grevy’s Zebra

Distribution of Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s zebras largely inhabit in Ethiopia and Kenya. The species has undergone reduction of range. Earlier, they were mostly found across the horn of Africa including Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Now, their population in South Sudan is uncertain. They are often seen mingling on the open plains along with other grazing animals like wildebeest, antelopes, and ostriches.

Distribution of Grevy’s Zebra

Distribution of Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s Zebra Diet

These zebras feed on grasses. They also consume fruits, leaves, and bark. Grevy’s zebras are known for spending 60 per cent of the day eating. During the dry season when there is a scarcity of food, they are found eating grasses. This species of zebra is beneficial to wild grazers because of they clear off the tops of grasses that are difficult for other herbivores to digest. During their training period in the zoo, these species are provided with leaf eater biscuits.

Diet of Grevy’s Zebra

Diet of Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s Zebra Behaviour

Check with some of their amazing behavioural traits;

  • When alarmed, this species produces several sounds and vocalizations.
  • Snorting may be produced when scared.
  • They communicate with each other with a loud bray that sounds like that of a donkey.
  • When attacked by flies or parasites, they roll in water, dust, or mud.
  • During the wet season, adult males prefer living in territories.
  • Female zebras wonder from one territory to another and choose the one with the highest quality food and water sources.

  • They do not form permanent herds.

Grevy’s Zebra Reproduction

Grevy’s zebras can mate and give birth year round. Their mating takes place during rainy season and babies are born in August or September. These zebras become sexually matured after two to three years of their birth. Stallions become mature after six years. Female zebras give birth to a single foal after 390 days of the gestation period. The mother chooses a heavy brush to give birth. Young ones are weaned at nine months.

Reproduction of Grevy’s Zebra

Reproduction of Grevy’s Zebra

Life Span of Grevy’s Zebra

In the wild, gravy zebras live up to 25 years. In human care, they can survive up to 30 years.

 

Grevy’s Zebra Predators

Predators of Grevy’s zebras include leopards, hyenas, cheetahs, and African wild dogs. Their main predator is the lion. Besides, these species are susceptible to several gastro-intestinal parasites.

Grevy’s Zebra Interesting Facts

Let’s find out some interesting facts about this mammal;

  • Every Grevy’s zebra’s stripe pattern is unique and different.
  • They feature a gleaming patch of white on either side of its tail.
  • Grevy’s zebras were used by the Romans in circuses.
  • Earlier, they were hunted for their skins.

Grevy’s Zebra Conservation Status

IUCN declared this zebra species as endangered. Their population is decreasing because of loss of habitat. In Ethiopia, hunting is considered as a primary reason for their decline in numbers. Apart from their skin, they are also hunted for food.

Pictures of Grevy’s Zebra

Reproduction of Grevy’s Zebra

Diet of Grevy’s Zebra

Habitat of Grevy’s Zebra

Physical description of Grevy’s Zebra

Physical description of Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s Zebra

Grevy’s Zebra Video


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