American Mink

The American Mink is known for being the cutest member of the weasel family. Small in size, they create burrows in the banks of a river, lake, or stream and are very active in nature. Because of range expansion, IUCN categorized American mink as the least concern species.

Minks are fiercely territorial. They are still farmed for fur in European countries. Here we bring some more information about mammal.

American Mink

American Mink

 

Scientific Classification of American Mink

Kingdom:     Animalia

Phylum:       Chordata

Class:           Mammalia

Order:         Carnivora

Family:        Mustelidae

Genus:        Neovison

Species:     N. vision

American Mink physical characteristics

  • Body – The American mink has a long, sleek body, stretched to a length of 56cm. They have small black color eyes that enhance their look. Both female and male mink weigh around 4-5 kg.
  • Physical Description of American Mink

    Physical Description of American Mink

  • Fur –
    Their body is covered with brown to black fur with white fur on its chin and throat. The fur is soft, thick, and is covered with oily guard hairs, bright and dark-tawny in texture. During winter, the fur tone is dark blackish-tawny to light tawny.
  • Legs –
    Their slight webbed feet with webbed digits allow them to run and swim faster. They have a long tail that comprises one-third of the body.

American Mink Distribution

Native to North America, American minks are also found throughout the United States and Canada.

Distribution of American Mink

Distribution of American Mink

They are also seen in more arid areas of California, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, and West Texas. They are vastly present in Iceland since the 1930s and their population has grown widely.

American Mink Behavior

Take a glance at some of their interesting behavioral traits;

  • Their territories comprise of individual animals with minimal intrasex overlap.
  • They are mostly found in rocky and serene habitats with thick cover and littoral zones.
  • They may nest in burrows dug by badgers, skunks, and muskrats. American mink are not choosy about their choice of the den.

  • Their dens are known by a large number of entrances and twisting passages.
  • They usually make sounds or vocalize during a close encounter with other minks or predators.
  • American minks protect themselves well against predators like bobcats, coyotes, etc.
  • During aggressive interaction with predators, they affirm their authority by arching its back, lashing its tail, snarl and growl.

American Mink Habitat

Minks are associated with water. These non-invasive species were brought to fur farms from North America. Usually found in wet areas like swamps and marshlands or along the banks of rivers and streams, these mammals are nocturnal.

Habitat of American Mink

Habitat of American Mink

They prefer habitats with dense vegetation for camouflage. They take over the discarded burrows of muskrats and beavers.

American Mink Diet

Their diet depends largely on the season as well as on the location. They are usually carnivores or flesh eaters. These mammals are found eating fish, amphibians, insects, snakes, and worms.

Diet of American Mink

Diet of American Mink

American minks are even fond of hunting rabbits, bats, snails, and squirrels and they finally kill their prey by biting them on their throats.

American Mink Reproduction

Mating of these species occurs during spring, sometime between February and April. Birth of these mammals takes place in April, May, and June. The female mink shows delayed female implantation and thus, the actual development of embryo takes 30 to 32 days. The gestation period lasts for 39 to 78 days.

Reproduction of American Mink

Reproduction of American Mink

Each year, the female mink gives birth to a single litter of two to ten young each year. The kits are born blind and weigh no more than six grams.

American Mink Life Span

The maximum life span of this cute little mammal is somewhere around 10 years.

Predators of American Mink

Predators of American Mink include owls, foxes, lynx, otters, and coyotes. These cute little mammals are often seen preying on European mink, wherever their ranges overlap.

American Mink Pet

Wild minks can be controlled if caught at a young age. Earlier, American minks were often reared for ratting. But they are not good at learning tricks taught to them by their owners.

American Mink Video

Interesting Facts

Here are some interesting facts about the mink for your knowledge;

  • These species are adapted to an aquatic lifestyle.
  • They are known for being killed tree climbers.
  • They mark their territory with pungent secretion from anal scent glands.
  • American mink is a significant predator to waterfowl and their eggs.
  • Their eyesight is much clearer on land than underwater
  • They can continuously swim for three hours.

Pictures of American Mink

Reproduction of American Mink

Reproduction of American Mink

Diet of American Mink

Diet of American Mink

Habitat of American Mink

Habitat of American Mink

Physical Description of American Mink

Physical Description of American Mink

American Mink

American Mink

American Mink Video


Reference

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